Annex 7 Dayton Peace Agreement

This climate of suspicion and fear between different ethnic groups continued and many refused to return home. Among those who returned, many people were discriminated against trying to access the labour market or other public services such as health or education. The protection of returnees and their countries of origin, particularly in the case of minorities, was essential to ensure the initial success of repatriation and more active participation by the post-war Multinational Peacekeeping Force (SFOR) could have helped to increase the number of returnees at this early stage. Added to all these difficulties has been the pressure on some European countries to recover hundreds of thousands of Bosnian refugees despite the lack of resources to rebuild damaged houses, build new homes or finance compensation claims. , or to obtain compensation for property they could not return for any reason. In addition, the parties to the agreement were required to implement a return plan to be developed by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. They also had to commit to providing the necessary assistance and to taking the political, economic and social measures necessary to ensure the voluntary return of refugees and displaced persons. An independent commission, based in Sarajevo, would be responsible for settling claims for property and compensation. But four years of war had left a legacy of mistrust that ended the hope that those who had been driven out would return easily or easily to live side by side in peace. Appendix 7 of the Dayton Peace Agreement was to deal with the displacement of 2.2 million people during the 1992-95 Bosnian war. His work is not yet finished.

The Dayton Peace Agreement, signed on 21 November 1995, ended the war. The clash of separatist and ethnic interests in the Balkans led to a war that began in early 1992, during which the use of violence against civilians shocked the world. During this conflict, the term “ethnic cleansing” was used to describe the use of torture, rape, indiscriminate killing, detention in prison camps and the expulsion of thousands of civilians from their homes and cities in order to achieve “ethnic purity”. An estimated 263,000 people died and more than two million people were displaced out of a pre-war population of 4.4 million. The limited success of the implementation of Schedule 7 has its origins in the Dayton Peace Agreement itself, in the negotiators and signatories who entrusted the security of the return of minorities to the same authorities that had ordered their ethnic cleansing during the war.