Environmental groups have become critical  of IEA Scenario 450 (established to build on the 2009 Copenhagen Agreement) and say it is not consistent with current climate science, nor is it compatible with the Paris climate agreement, which aims to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. In March 2017, the IEA (in conjunction with IRENA) published a report that takes into account a safer climate scenario than its current 450S. This scenario offers a better chance of limiting global warming to less than two degrees, but according to research organization Oil Change International, it still falls short of the adequate adaptation to climate science and decarbonization needed to achieve agreed global climate limits.  The IEA has ended the update of this safer climate scenario. In 2012, the IEA publishes for the first time a medium-term annual report that analyses the renewable energy sector. This publication on renewable energy – “now the fastest growing energy mix sector accounting for nearly one-fifth of the world`s electricity – will be followed by medium-term annual reports on the oil, gas and coal that the IEA already produces.” With this report, “renewable energy, in addition to other major energy sources, is taking their rightful place at the negotiating table.”  Performance Indicators for Energy-Efficient Supermarkets Heat pumps in residential buildings for space heating and DHW [Domestic Hot Water] In 2011, the International Energy Agency stated that the IEA was the political advisor to its Member States, but that it was also cooperating with third countries, including China, India and Russia. The Agency`s mandate has been expanded to focus on the “3rd” of effective energy policy: energy security, economic development and environmental protection.  The focus was on mitigating climate change.  The IEA plays an important role in promoting alternative energy sources (including renewable energy), a rational energy policy and multinational cooperation in the field of energy technologies. The IEA`s Photovoltaic Power Systems (PVPS) program is one of the collaborative research and development agreements concluded within the IEA and, since its inception in 1993, PVPS participants have been leading a multitude of joint projects for the application of photovoltaic conversion of solar energy into electricity. On 26 January 2009, the International Renewable Energy Agency was established amid dissatisfaction among the entire renewable energy sector over the IEA`s performance as a global energy controller. The aim is to make the Agency fully operational by 2010, with an initial annual budget of 25 million euros.  From 2015 there are 28 members, including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, united States and EPIA, European Union, International Copper Association, SEIA and SEPA.
 The IEA has been criticized for systematically underestimating the role of renewable energy sources in future energy systems such as photovoltaics and has reduced its costs.    Thus, in 1998, the IEA predicted that global wind energy production would reach 47.4 GW by 2020, but the ERC report indicates that this level was reached by the end of 2004.  The report also stated that the IEA had not learned from previous underestimates and, last year, net additions of wind energy worldwide were four times higher than the IEA average estimate of its 1995-2004 forecast.  This pattern appears to have continued until 2016.  The work of the Bioenergy IEA is structured into a series of tasks that have clearly defined objectives, budgets and deadlines. Cooperation, once focused on research, development and demonstration, is now increasingly focused on engagement around the world.