Simla Agreement Quora

On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main elements of the Simla agreement are: the summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other. Pakistan wanted to focus on issues as immediate as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. It rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would imply a lasting adoption of the partition of Kashmir and the withdrawal of the UN Kashmir dispute. In accordance with Resolution 39, the UnvN Security Council established a three-member Unascreted Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) on 20 January 1948. Differences of opinion between India and Pakistan led to a first failure, as the Commission had not emerged.

The Commission was finally established on 21 April 1948 with five members and was tasked with planning a mechanism to ensure a referendum in the state. (This was part of UN Security Council Resolution 47). UN Security Council Resolution 47 adopted that day called on India and Pakistan to hold a referendum after the restoration of public order. On 5 January 1949, UNCIP adopted a resolution providing for the mechanism for holding a “free and impartial plebiscite” in Kashmir. The 1972 Line of Control is part of the Simla Agreement between India and Pakistan, in which the two countries agreed to respect the line without prejudice to their respective positions in the Kashmir dispute. The line was relocated by six army officers from India and Pakistan and signed on December 11, 1972. Its territorial accuracy is remarkable, according to scholar Brian Cloughley. With the agreement, a number of border maps were also created and exchanged by both parties. [18] [19] The 1945 Simla Conference was a meeting between The Viceroy of India Lord Wavell and the leading political leaders of British India at Viceregal Lodge in Simla. He was convened to agree and approve the Wavell Plan for India`s autonomy, where he reached a possible agreement for India`s autonomy, which provided for separate representation of Muslims and a reduction of majority powers for both communities in their majority regions. After the end of the war, Indian and Pakistani military commanders agreed to a plan to clear points 5353, 5240 and 5165 that crossed the line of control. [15] [40] Ashok K.

Mehta, a retired Indian army major general and a columnist for defence and security, said: “None of them have ever been part of the Indian army. They were not in the possession of Pakistan at the time. [15] At the end of October 1999, units of the Indian Army`s 8th Mountain Division conquered Point 5240. They then seized Point 5165, apparently to prevent their capture by Pakistanis. [15] Ashok Mehta said: “Taking points 5240 and 5165 was not difficult to keep them. The secret was over not taking point 5353. It would appear that the unit requested that it be impossible to do so. But Pakistan had violated the agreement of local commanders, turning Point 5353 into a permanent post. [15] Several of them called on India and Pakistan to resolve the problem bilaterally, as India also claimed.